Localization & Geography

The location of Pischia, at the intersection of the hills with the plain, has offered humans optimum life and activity conditions over the centuries.

Here in the Land of Banat, between the Lipova Hills and the Timis Plain, in a place blessed by God with hills and meadows formed by streams whose waters have healing powers, cutting their way through fields and ploughs, beyond the lakes and the thick forest, is a fairy-tale land living and creating its story every day:  Pischia commune.

Less than 50 km from Lipova, and even closer to the beautiful town of Timisoara, at only a 20 minutes and just as many kilometers, Pischia commune is one of jewels of Banat. With an area of 12,000 hectares, Pischia is one of largest communes of Timis County. The people, however, are those who make it rise even higher with every day: 3051 inhabitants, honest and proud people of Banat, the same as their neighbors of Masloc, Ortisoara, Giarmata and Sanandrei.

Pischia is located on the 45° parallel N and the 21° meridian E, in south-eastern Europe, north of the Balkan Peninsula, in the S-V of Romania, in the N-E of Timis county, 20 km from Timisoara Municipality and 40 km from the town of Lipova. The geographical coordinates of the commune are – 45°58’10” N and 21°20’06” log. E. It is located on county road 691, Timisoara-Lipova and on the railway Timisoara – Radna.

It is bounded on the south by the stream Beregsau.

Pischia village has a total area of 4,100 ha, of which 3,565 ha of farm land, 460 ha of forest and 75 ha the actual village.

The build-up area is of 75 ha, being stretched along the said road, for approximately 1.5-2 km. Pischia borders the villages Murani, Fibis, Bencecu de Sus, Bencecu de Jos and Giarmata. Pischia commune borders the following communes: in the E, Masloc commune (Fibis village at 10 km), in the V Ortisoara commune, in S-V Giarmata commune (at 9 km) and in the V Sanandrei commune (see the map of the commune).

It is a located at the contact-zone between the Lipova Hills and the Timis Plain, being a physical geographic collinear region with terraces and meadows formed by streams flowing through the commune.

  1. Griselini provides a good description of the land north of Timisoara. He writes: travelling from Timisoara northwards bond, you will not discover immediately the mountains, the road passes through small and hilly heights. These start with the villages of Sanandrei, Mertisoara, (Carani), Manastiur, passing through Vinga, from west to east, beyond Murani, Pischia, Bencec and Ianova, continuing with the district of Lipova, until it is lost in the high mountains.”

The relief of the terrain has the following features: an alluvial plain created by the tributaries of the stream Beregsau, being on the edge of the last irregularities of the Lipova Hills. The terrain has the aspect of a meadow and terraces, the plain being united with the Lipova Hills, below a well-defined line.

The location on the parallel 45° N means it is in the continental climate area. The territory of the commune Pischia thus is in the transitional continental climate area, in its Adriatic variant. This is generally characterized by the diversity and irregularity of weather phenomena.

The average annual temperature is 10.9° C, the hottest month being July (+21.6° C), and the coldest month January (-1.2° C). The absolute maximum temperature is +40° C, recorded in August 1952 and the absolute minimum temperature is 34.4° C, recorded in February 1963.

Frosty periods are short. The first frost is in October and the last one in the beginning of May.

A feature of the climate is the sudden transition from one season to another, and the unequal length of the seasons.

The vegetation of Pischia falls in the area of oak tree forests, which were however cut over the ages, both for the wood, and to make way for farm lands. The forest areas in the north, north-east and south-west are tell-tale evidence of the existence of forests at the edge of the commune in the old days. Their age, determined by the number of rings, varies between 150-200 years. These forests at the edge of the commune belonged to the “royal domains” and the commune was often visited by the kings and their guests.

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